One study that was conducted by neuroscientists at the University of Glasgow proved our brain is able to predict the immediate future, making use of observed objects and predictive analysis of the reality.

It occurs that the eyes move so they can observe the environment using a frequency of 4 times in one second, and they can do so before even the brain is able to process the given information.

This is a process which is very similar to the one that is used by cars which have autonomous systems for driving, when they learn how to predict what is going to happen on the trip based on all observations they make of the space that surrounds them.

Scientists could determine that our brain can generate predictive models, and this is based on similar situations and memories. This means, the information which is generated in the cerebral cortex, the region that has a responsibility to process visual information, makes us able to predict events that will happen in immediate future.

In a study that was published in the Scientific Reports, the experts used optical illusions and functional magnetic resonance imaging so they can easily understand what actually happens in the brain when we ‘see’.

These scientists made analysis on the “brain feedback input”. This is a neurological process where the brain is transmitting all information to our eyes. The experts discovered that our brain can create predictions and they are based on similar actions or memories.

”We receive visual information through our eyes and the visual system in our brain processes them. It is called visual information “feed forward” input. Simultaneously, our brain transfers information to the visual system and this information is called “feedback”.

“The feedback has an influence over our perception of the feed forward input and it used expectations that are based on our some perceptual events or our memories. Both feedback and feedforward information act together with one another so they can the visual scenes that we perceive on a daily basis,” stated Gracie Edwards, the co-autor.

The study was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and a Human Brain Project grant.